Crane: Allows the camera to climb to a vantage point high over the subject and to descend toward it-or vice versa.
Dolly: a wheeled vehicle on which the camera is mounted for tracking shots (in which the camera moves towards or away from the object).
Steadicam/Panaglide: trade names for two camera – stabilizing systems which allow the camera to be harnessed to the body and which include gyroscopic controls to ensure that the operator’s movements do not create a jerky image (a danger with hand-held shooting) . Steadicam shots are characterized by a floating, fluid sense of movement and camera mobility has been greatly increased since the system’s introduction in 1975.
Pan/tilt: camera movement on horizontal/vertical axis respectively, facilitated by geared heads,(used for most 35 mm films) which connect the camera to is mounting (on a tripod/dolly/crane), allowing the camera operator to move he camera by rotating wheels for each axis.
Track: Movement toward or away from an object by means of a dolly.
Anamorphic: A wide screen format based on lenses which optically squeeze the picture, which is then unsqueezed in the projector to produce a wider image whose aspect ratio is 2.35:1.
Aspect ratio: the ratio between the width and height of the frame. The industry standard, which was 1.37:1until the 1950s, is today 1.85:1.
Cinemascope: trade name for one of the earliest wide screen formats, introduced in the 1950s to give the cinema an edge over its new rival.
Super 35: A variable format system which ranges from 1.85:1 to 2.35:1.