Crane: Allows the camera to climb to a vantage point high over the subject and to descend toward it-or vice versa.

Dolly:  a wheeled vehicle on which the camera is mounted for tracking shots (in which the camera moves towards or away from the object).

Steadicam/Panaglide: trade names for two camera – stabilizing systems which allow the camera to be harnessed to the body and which include gyroscopic controls to ensure that the operator’s movements do not create a jerky image (a danger with hand-held shooting) . Steadicam shots are characterized by a floating, fluid sense of movement and camera mobility has been greatly increased since the system’s introduction in 1975.

Pan/tilt:  camera movement on horizontal/vertical  axis respectively, facilitated by geared heads,(used for most 35 mm films) which connect the camera to is mounting (on  a  tripod/dolly/crane), allowing the camera operator to move he camera by rotating wheels for each axis.

Track:  Movement toward or away from an object by means of a dolly.

Anamorphic:   A wide screen format based on lenses which optically squeeze the picture, which is then unsqueezed in the projector to produce a wider image whose aspect ratio is 2.35:1.

Aspect ratio:   the ratio between the width and height of the frame. The industry standard, which was 1.37:1until the 1950s, is today 1.85:1.

Cinemascope:  trade name for one of the earliest wide screen formats, introduced in the 1950s to give the cinema an edge over its new rival.

Super 35: A variable format system which ranges from 1.85:1 to 2.35:1.