Answer print: the first complete print of a film delivered by the laboratory.
Bleaching: a stage in colour film processing when the metallic silver image is converted into halides, later removed in fixing.
Bleach By-Pass: generic name for a variety of techniques which make it possible to retain a certain amount of silver in the colour print or intermediate, thus adding a strong element of black and white to the original colour image.
ENR: trade name for the Technicolor printing process, named after laboratory technician Ernesto N. Rico, who pioneered it with DP Viitorio Storato. As in bleach by-pass, ENR retains the silver, resulting in a high contrast image with rich blacks,. With ENR, the amount of silver retained can be controlled, which makes the process more flexible than the bleach by-pass.
Flashing: a laboratory process in which the negative is exposed to light before shooting, reducing the contrast of the stock and resulting in an image which appears slightly desiderated.
Grading or timing: the laboratory operation wherein printer light intensity and colour filters are selected to optimize the density and colour rendition of the original footage.
Rashes/dailies: the first prints produced from the exposed negative, processed overnight by the labs and delivered to the film’s cutting-rooms for viewing by the crew.
Saturation: a colour when it is reproduced in its purest and most vivid state.